I spend way too much time thinking about where I am going to live when I retire, especially given that it will likely be another decade before I stop working full time. The thing is, where I retire will affect how much I enjoy my retirement (and I really want to enjoy my retirement!).
My current obsession is identifying the factors I should consider when evaluating if a particular location is the best location for me.
Several websites put out annual lists of the best places to retire (for example, AARP, U.S. News and World Report, and Forbes). I like reading these but consider them a starting point only because, given some of the cities ranking high on these list, it’s pretty clear I value different things.
So far, here are the factors I keep coming back to.
Should I Stay or Should I Go
The most obvious question is should I move at all. If I like where I am living at the time, have a lot of friends to hang out with, and connections to local institutions, staying put may be the best option.
Unfortunately, that isn’t the end of it. Even if I do stay in the same general area, I think it unlikely I will stay in the same exact spot.
During my working years, my commute will be a big factor in determining where I want to live. Making sacrifices when it comes to space and location will be rewarded with less time in the car or on the train. But once I retire? Rush hour becomes a thing of the past and I will be able to shop around for accommodations that fit my new life.
What Matters Most to Me
If I do end up moving somewhere else, here is what I think will matter most in deciding where to live. As you can see, I have given myself a lot to think about.
Proximity to Family
I want to live no more than six hours drive or a short flight from my family. Why not closer? They still live in the state I grew up in and I am about as likely to sprout wings and fly as I am to move back there.
Proximity to an Airport
In planning for retirement, I am budgeting a lot for travel. There is so much of the world I have yet to see and many places I have visited that I would like to return to.
Ideally, I will live close to an airport with a lot of options for direct flights. This becomes even more relevant as airlines reduce the number of flights to smaller airports. I have lived in a city where the majority of flights seemed to leave before 7 am and return after 9 pm. It’s not fun.
Opportunities for Cultural Events
College towns pop up a lot on lists of the best places to retire because they offer so many opportunities for staying engaged mentally. This is important to me but I don’t want to rule out non-college towns thinking I will be bored to tears.
Besides, given all the travel I am planning, it may be nice to come home to a town that offers more in the way of hiking and biking trails than museums.
Access to Good Healthcare
There is no getting around it: the healthcare system is the U.S. is not working well right now. While it goes without saying that planning for the costs of insurance and care is an enormous challenge, don’t ignore the fact that accessing that care can also be difficult.
Rural and even suburban hospitals are struggling to remain competitive and attract top specialists. Because driving for hours to see a doctor does not appeal to me, access to good healthcare stays on the list.
I probably should have listed this higher up—possibly even above proximity to family—but I didn’t want to seem too wimpy. The truth is that I don’t want to live somewhere with long, cold, and snowy winters.
It doesn’t have to be Florida but it also can’t be Buffalo (I visited Buffalo in the summer and it was lovely but do you know some winters they ship snow out using trains because they run out of space to shovel it?!).
This last category—community—is a bit hard to describe. I think it is a remnant of watching every episode of Northern Exposure at least a dozen times when I was younger (okay, maybe just the first 4 seasons). It doesn’t mean I have to love all my neighbors, but it would be nice if there existed a camaraderie within the community that we were working toward a common good.
I lived in a small town within a large city and I liked it. Sure, my taxes were a little higher but we had our own (much more responsive) police force and tons of community events and classes open only to residents (I took a great 6-week introduction to tennis class for $75!).
I should add that where I lived was a really old town that the bigger city grew around, and not a planned development. Something like that may be okay but I am a bit suspicious of them. I don’t want to move some place expecting Cicely, Alaska, and end up with the senior citizen version of Melrose Place.
The Elephant In the Room? Housing Costs
Ultimately, housing costs may be the biggest factor, both if I stay put or move. Housing costs make up a large portion of my budget now and that could continue when I retire.
Currently, my savings goals assume I will need to budget for either rent or a house payment. As I get closer to retirement and the need to narrow down exactly how much I will need to live off of grows, I will likely start doing some price comparisons and neighborhood shopping.
Wherever I decide to live, it might make sense to purchase something. This will allow me to project my housing costs with a lot more certainty, including estimated renovation and repair costs.
What Factors Matter Most to You?
Have you spent time thinking about where you want to live in retirement? What factors matter most to you? Let me know in the comment section below!